Lewin’s Change Management Model could be applied to the ACA 40 hours is full time employment definition policy. Normandin (2012) explains the three stages of this model. The first is the unfreeze stage, the second is the transition stage and, the third is the refreezing stage. As it applies to the policy, those employees affected, would have to disassociate the definition of full time employment as they have always understood it and realize that full-time employment had never been defined through the government but was always to be determined by the employer (www.dol.gov, n.d.). The transition stage would then involve every employer’s policy and procedures regarding full-time employment to be updated to state that full-time employment is defined as working 40 hours a week and employees beginning to work 40 hours, where perhaps they never had to, and the refreezing stage would be this new definition sticking and becoming the culture for all organizations. The problem with this is that a lot of employers’ already defined full-time employment as working 40 hours a week so this change management model would apply more to those professions and employers/organizations where the definition of full-time employment was not 40 hours per week. Normandin (2012) discusses other change management models but acknowledges that other models may be helpful as they all provide a guide to assist in making the changes needed but, ultimately, change is difficult to implement and manage.
Forti (2012) explains that a good theory of change should address some major concerns: who would benefit, what would be the benefit, over what period of time with the benefits be achieved, how these benefits would be achieved and, work circumstances will need to be addressed. Interestingly, some of these concerns have been raised in previous weeks throughout the course of this blog. These are all important concerns as they may be representative of the needs of society and especially those affected by this policy. Is it really necessary to define full-time employment and why? Not defining fulltime employment may not be a perfect way to function but it has worked so far. The possibility that employers could use the policy to avoid having to offer health insurance coverage benefits to employees is very concerning and more than that the fact that Medicaid might have to bear the burden of providing healthcare benefits to these employees should be considered. The publics’ opinion should be sought through polls and other means to better gain some insight into how this might affect everyone and not just some sectors of the economy and maybe the change would not be so difficult.
Forti, M. (2012). Six Theory of Change Pitfalls to Avoid. Retrieved from http://www.ssireview.org/blog/entry/six_theory_of_change_pitfalls_to_avoid
Normandin, B. (2012). Three Types of Change Management Models. Retrieved from http://quickbase.intuit.com/blog/2012/08/28/three-types-of-change-management-models/
United States Department of Labor. (n.d.). Work Hours: Full-Time Employment. Retrieved from http://www.dol.gov/dol/topic/workhours/full-time.htm